Skin types are categorized by the skin’s oiliness, moistness, and sensitivity. A skin’s moistness depends on the amount of water it contains, which also affects its elasticity. A skin’s oiliness also affects how soft it is. There are five different skin types, and they each have different traits.
Normal skin falls between the extremes of dry and oily skin. A person with this type of skin has no major sensitivities, few or no imperfections, and small pores that are barely noticeable. They have good skin with a radiant complexion.
While normal skin has the same amount of oil and water throughout, combination skin has oily and dry areas. In many cases, the T-zone, which includes the forehead, nose, and chin, will be oilier than the rest of the face.A person with combination skin will have open and large pores, blemishes like blackheads, and shiny areas. Combination skin is quite common, and the different areas will need different types of care.
Dry skin is often a normal part of the aging process. If can also be caused by hormonal imbalances or genetics. Various environmental factors can also cause dry skin or make it worse. Examples include wind, cold, indoor heating, ultraviolet (UV) rays, and hot showers and baths. Some medications, cosmetics, and soaps can also dry out the skin.A person with dry skin will have a rough and dull complexion with red patches and visible lines. Their pores will be extremely hard to see, and their skin will have little elasticity.
Oily skin can be caused by puberty and other hormonal changes. It can also be caused by stress, humidity, or heat. A person with oily skin will have blemishes like pimples or blackheads. They will also have enlarged pores, and their skin may be shiny or dull.
Sensitive skin is susceptible to inflammation. It is thus more likely to substances like cosmetics or to environmental factors like UV rays. People with sensitive skin are also more likely to develop conditions like rosacea.Sensitive skin is often dry and reddened. When irritated or inflamed, it can itch or burn.
Skin types change over time. Adolescents, for example, tend to have oily skin that gradually becomes drier as they get older. By contrast, older people are more likely to have dry skin than are younger people.
Knowing what your skin type is can help you take better care of your skin and determine what cosmetics or skincare products to use – and which ones you should avoid. For example, people with sensitive skin should avoid products with strong fragrances.